Launched in the mid-1990s as an upgrade on the hugely-successful 3 Series, the 4 Series from Scania had taken their trucks to the next level, coming equipped with bigger and better engines and, crucially for many drivers, more power to carry huge payloads.
The biggest engines available in the range were the 16-litre V8, although some of the smaller ones happened to be pretty sizeable in delivering sufficient power. The cab sizes in the range are determined by their name, with ‘P-cabs’ being the smallest and R cabs being much larger. Engine options with the 4 Series were much better than what came before them, as there were five different ones to choose from.
See more technical specs for the 4 Series along with TruckLocator’s opinion.
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Scania 4 Series 2004 (04) SCANIA 114 TRACTOR UNIT
2004 | Specialist
6X2. 420 ENGINE
Scania 4 Series P94 260 10 Tyre Rear Lift Flatbed
2000 | Flats | 26000kg
2000 Scania P94 260 6x2 10 Tyre Rear Lift Day Cab Flatbed, 8 Speed Manual Gearbox, Radio/Stereo, Excellent Condition - We can organise shipping to any Worldwide destination - Contact for a quote
Scania 4 Series P94 260 6x4 Steel Tipper
2001 | Tippers | 26000kg
2001 Scania P94 260 6x4 Day Cab Steel Tipper on Springs Suspension, Double Diff Double Drive, 8 Speed Manual Gearbox, Radio/Stereo, Excellent Condition - We can organise shipping to any Worldwide destination - Contact for a quote
Scania 4 Series 94D 230 18 Ton Curtainsider
2003 | Curtainsiders
Scania 94D 230 4X2 18 Ton Curtainsider, Sleeper Cab, Manual Gearbox Rigid Trucks
Scania 4 Series P94D-230
2004 | Tippers
2004 53 P94 230 18T 4X2 TIPPER, DROPSIDE TIPPING BODY, TAILGATE, BINOTTO FRONT END RAM, DAYCAB, MANUAL GEARBOX, 470,000 KLMS, ANALOGUE TACHOGRAPH, SUNVISOR, AIR-CON, ELECTRIC WINDOWS / MIRRORS, SUNROOF, CLEAN TRUCK, MECHANICALLY VERY GOOD.4x2
Scania 4 Series 124 420 6x2 Midlift Tractor Unit
2002 | Tractor Unit | 44000kg
2002 Scania 124 420 6x2 Midlift Sleeper Cab Tractor Unit, 12 Speed Manual Gearbox, Twin Bunks, Radio/Stereo, Excellent Condition - We can ship this truck to any Worldwide Destination - Contact for a quote
Scania 4 Series RHD P94 6X2 R LIFT TANKER
1997 | Tankers | 26000kg
Scania 4 Series 114L.380
2001 | Beavertails | 32000kg
- 8x2 Rear Lift Beavertail
- 30Ft Body
- Sleeper Cab
- 12spd Manual Gear Box
Scania 4 Series P94 260 10 Tyre Rear Lift Flatbed
2003 | Flats | 26000kg
2003 Scania P94 260 6x2 10 Tyre Rear Lift Sleeper Cab Flatbed, Bonfiglioli 20000 XL Crane, 8 Speed Manual Gearbox, Radio/Stereo, Single Bunk, Excellent Condition - We can organise shipping to any Worldwide destination - Contact for a quote
Scania 4 Series 94-230 4x2 Curtain side
2003 | Curtainsiders
2003 ( 03 Reg) Scania 94-230x4x2 Curtain Side
Manual Gear Box
139,254kms clock reads
The engines on offer in the 4 series range are the 9-lite 6-pot, 11-litre with six cylinders, the 12-litre, 14-litre and V8 16-litre, the largest of them all. Typically, the V8 was only available with the largest ones, but despite the range being discontinued, the engine is likely to experience few faults, if any.
In terms of cabs, the R cab, the larger of the two on offer, usually comes as standard with some of the newer 4 Series trucks. This is definitely worth bearing in mind if you’re looking for a truck which has more space, such as one with a crew cab.
The majority of older 4 Series trucks come with manual gearboxes. If you want a 4 Series with an automatic gearbox, it’s best to look for some of the new models, as they’re among the most likely to have them.
As with the 2 Series and 3 Series, the largest trucks in the range weigh 44 tonnes, with the smaller ones coming in at around 18 tonnes. This means that there is a wide range of trucks made for various types of job.
As recommended by many drivers, the 4 Series range combines versatility and comfort on the road, while the engines have enough power to lug around even the heaviest load.
We can’t all drive brand new trucks, so if you are looking for an older model that won’t break the bank but still has a good few miles left in it, going for a previous award winner is a sound bet. The Scania 4-Series is just such a beast. Back in 1996, this truck was as good as it got, and it proved it by winning the International Truck of the Year award. The Scania 4-Series was a milestone for the Swedish company as it sought to cement its reputation as a premium truck supplier. One of the ways that it did this was to adopt a modular approach to construction, standardising manufacturing processes and body parts wherever possible. It also strived to share components across its truck range. This not only brought the cost of manufacture down, but it allowed the company to create proven and reliable configurations.
The Scania 4-Series was the first fruit of this new process. The heavy truck was also designed by Bertone, the famous car design studio. This gave it looks to match the reliability. The Scania 4-Series was truly a departure. It was an all-new design all the way from the chassis and frames to the powertrain and the cabs. The new design could offer customers the maximum possible payload and also market-beating load volumes. It had excellent economy and a lot of flexibility around possible body types. The International Truck of the Year jury said that it was especially impressed by the integrated drivetrain, where the engine, electronic gearbox and Opticruise system all work in perfect harmony together and with the integrated retarder. In the way Scania achieved this, they were miles ahead at the time. The jury also praised the Bertone-designed cab and the performance and economy of the new 12-litre engine.
The result of all this was a truck that spent less time in the workshop and at the fuel stop and more time out on the road making money for its operators. The Scania 4-Series was set up to deliver its best on normal roads in operations that cover long distances. It had an especially high payload and a gross weight of up to 60 tonnes. Those new 12-litre engines ranged from 310hp to 530hp, a power output that wouldn’t shame a big truck launched today. The Bertone cabs were ground-breaking too and came in day or sleeper configurations and in a number of size choices. There was also a choice of frames, with each designed for the optimum mix of load capacity, balancing weight and volume. The frames came in normal, low or extra-low and offered great solutions for international haulage work.
The Scania 4-Series could also be optimised for fuel economy or cruising speed as well as load capacity. The comfort of the cab is first class, even by modern standards, and the build quality and focus on manufacturing standards mean that a used Scania 4-Series could still offer many years of fine service.
Like every other truck manufacturer, Scania uses a whole series of code letters for their trucks. Telling the average operator – especially a relative newcomer - that the truck is a R124 LA4x2EB 360 is often less than helpful. We will try and demystify the details behind the code. It is a little like learning a language, once you’ve cracked one code, then the others should be more straightforward.
Here are some examples that we’ll explain below:
- R124 LA4x2EB 360
- P94 DB6x2/4NB 220
- P114 CB8x4HZ 340
- R144 GB6x2NZ 530
Let’s start at the beginning with the first letters which distinguish the cab type. There are just two types, the smaller P cab and the big R cab. The P is a lower cab and comes in day and sleeper form (again, in code CP14 for the day cab and CP19 for the sleeper cab.) Looking for the big cabs? Then you’ll need the R cab. This comes in a day cab (CR14), a sleeper cab, (CR19) and the top of the range ‘Topline’ high roof sleeper with the code of CR19T
The next set of numbers shows the size of the engine. The R124, for example is a 12-litre, (We’ll come on to what the 4 means below).
The engine sizes are as follows:
9 = 9-litre engine charge-cooled DSC9 (220-310 hp)
11 = 11-litre engine charge-cooled DSC11 (340 hp)
12 = 12-litre engine charge-cooled DSC12 (360-400 hp)
14 = 14-litre engine charge-cooled DSC14 (460-530 hp)
Next up is the ‘series’ of the truck. In this whole page, they are all 4-series, but a 3-series would look like a R143 and a 2-series an R142 etc.
The next section deals with the class of the chassis and the type of work it is designed to carry out. The 4-Series is divided into four classes – the L-, D-, C- and G- Classes. These are shown as the first letters on the second section.
L = mostly high-mileage highway operation at gross weights up to 60 tonnes.
D = mostly low-mileage urban operation at up to 36 tonnes
C = mostly low mileage on- or off-road for tippers requiring high ground clearance and good mobility at up to 150 tonnes
G = low-to-high mileage haulage on sub-standard roads at up to 150 tonnes
Expect the following axle configurations for each of the classes of chassis:
L-class. 4x2, 6x2, 6x2/4, 6x2*4, 6x4
D-class. 4x2, 6x2, 6x2/4, 6x2*4
C-class. 4x2, 4x4, 6x4, 6x6, 8x4
G-class. 4x2, 6x2, 6x2*4, 6x4, 8x2, 8x4
The next letter tells if the truck has been designed as a rigid or a tractor unit. A is for tractor units and B is for rigids.
Next comes the axle configuration – this looks more recognisable to most it tells how many axles there are in total, how many are driven by the engine and how many steer the truck.
6x2/4 six wheels, of which two are driven and four are steered – by means of an additional steered axle ahead of the drive axle (twin-steer)
6x2*4 six wheels, of which two are driven and four are steered – by means of an additional steered axle aft of the drive axle
8x2 a traditional eight-wheeler with two steered front axles, one driven axle and a tag-axle aft of the drive axle
8x4 a traditional eight-wheeler with two steered front axles and tandem bogie
After the axle configuration comes the height of the chassis – whether high, normal, low or extra low.
H high (C-class)
N normal (all classes)
L low (L- and D-class)
E extra-low (L-class)
Next comes the type of suspension on the truck. There are three options here, depending if the truck is full air or uses steel springs.
A leaf front, air rear
B air front, air rear – full-air suspension
Z parabolic or multi-leaf springs all-round
Finally comes the engine’s power output, rounded to the nearest 10hp
These were the options for power outputs in Scania’s 4 Series range of trucks.
9-litre engine 220, 260, 310 hp
11-litre engine 340 hp
12-litre engine 360, 400 hp
14-litre engine 460, 530 hp
The 4-Series and the model identification system has changed with the advent of Scania’s latest models. Check out the R-Series, G-Series and P Series pages for newer Scania models.
In October 2005, Scania phased out production of its T-Series truck. Nothing unusual in that, of course, as truck models come and go all the time. What was a little different about the... Read MoreThe Versatile Scania 4-Series | A Trucklocator Review
Prior to 2005, Scania trucks were denoted by the term '4-Series' instead of the later P, G and R classifications. The trucks were noted for their reliability and solid build quality and... Read More
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